Today’s fast paced life has made people quite impatient and impulsive. The mounting work pressures, stress has generated dissatisfaction as we are missing out the things we require out of our lives. These emotional disturbances at times cloud our vision so much that we aren’t able to analyze the situations as they actually are. We get misled.

"Pramana Viparyaya  Vikalpa Nidra Smritayah"
According to patanjali's yoga sutra 1.6 there are five activities of mind that can be the cause of one's pleasure or pain in life. These activities are known as vrittis- pramana (correct understanding) ,Viparyaya(false understanding), Vikalpa (imagination), Nidra (deep sleep), Smritayah (memory). 

Pramana is correct understanding and knowledge but if we gain it through distorted sources or our own disturbed mind it becomes a cause of trouble. Second is Viparyaya (false understanding) if we overanalyze something or at times don't comprehend the things properly it takes us towards Viparyaya. Vikalpa is our own imagination which we mostly use to  feel happy or at times get intimidated by thinking the worst. It is one strong feeling that can drive us to the extremes in terms of actions. Next is Nidra in which our mind is in a state of deep sleep without any thoughts or dreams good or bad. Last comes the Smritayah, memory which occupies the maximum share of our mind consisting of people and experiences.

Now how to vanquish klesha and pain from our life.

"Pratyaksha Anumana Agamah Pramanani" 
Patanjali yoga sutra 1.7 explains the path to freedom from suffering lies in gaining right understanding. Right understanding  comes when knowledge is received from three sources pratyaksha- which is felt by our five sense organs, anumana- inferences we draw from our experiences and intuition and agama- written literature from  reliable sources like ancient sages who have undergone experience to derive conclusions. If a person first brings his mind to a static state through abhyasa and can unclutter his mind from his false perceptions, and  can see the world as it truely is. One can attain the state of vairagya or detachment i.e. his tendency to hold on to things or people or our own misperceptions, he can attain the state of aklista (painless). 

Yoga is thus helpful in calming the mind and bringing out the actual 'I' free from ego, dissatisfaction and despair.This is where our need of self actualization gets fulfilled.

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